Cardiology in Manhattan
What is a cardiologist?
A cardiologist is a doctor who has special training in diagnosing, treating and preventing diseases of the heart and blood vessels, also known as the cardiovascular system.
What do cardiologists treat?
Cardiologists are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of heart attacks, heart failure, heart disease, and heart rhythm disturbances.
What kinds of tests do cardiologists perform?
Our NYC cardiologist may perform diagnostic tests including:
- Echocardiogram (Echo) – also called echocardiography or diagnostic cardiac ultrasound, this test uses high frequency sound waves to make pictures of the heart in order to evaluate the structure and function of the organ
- Ambulatory electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) – a test that’s performed while you are walking around and carrying out your normal daily activities; it helps to detect abnormal heart rates and rhythms
- Stress testing – also known as an exercise stress test, this test evaluates how much stress your heart can manage before developing either an abnormal rhythm or evidence of ischemia (not enough blood flow to the heart muscle)
- Cardiac catheterization – a test that checks how the heart is working and checks for abnormalities in order to diagnose and treat cardiovascular conditions
- Holter monitoring – a test that’s used to detect heart rhythm irregularities that aren’t found during a regular ECG exam
- Ankle-brachial index test – a test that’s done by measuring blood pressure at the ankle and the arm, typically while a person is at rest, in order to predict the severity of peripheral arterial disease (PAD); in some cases, the test will also be performed during an exercise stress test
What are the treatments for cardiovascular disease?
Treatment for cardiovascular disease will depend upon each patient’s unique needs. Treatment options may include:
- Lifestyle changes – Changing your diet and exercise and other lifestyle factors can significantly help. This may include eating a low-fat and low-sodium diet, performing at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, quitting smoking, and decreasing alcohol intake.
- Medications – There are a variety of prescription medications that can improve symptoms. The type of medication will depend on the type of heart disease.
- Medical procedures or surgery – If necessary, surgery may be an effective treatment option. The type of surgical procedure recommended will depend upon the type of heart disease and the extent of the damage to your heart.
What are the signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease?
Although each type of cardiovascular disease typically has different symptoms, many have similar warning signs. Some of these include:
- Excessive fatigue
- Constant dizziness
- Fast heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)
- Irregular heartbeat
- Chest pain or discomfort during activity
- Difficulty breathing both during activity and at rest
- A respiratory infection or cough that worsens
- Restlessness or confusion
- Changes in sleep patterns
- Loss of appetite
What are some risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease?
Risk factors for cardiovascular disease include:
- Age (risk increases as you get older)
- Gender (men are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than women)
- Family history
- High cholesterol levels
- Activity level/exercise
- Being a smoker
- Being overweight
- High blood pressure
- Having diabetes
Park Avenue Medical Professionals’ cardiologists offer services in Manhattan’s Upper East Side. Our board-certified NYC cardiologist has extensive experience in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular disease and performing cardiac testing. Learn more about our cardiology services by contacting our office at 212.427.2000. You can also make an appointment by filling out this form.